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Ebola outbreak: 11 African nations determine to devise to tackle lethal epidemic

(CNN) — With their countries confronting an Ebola widespread of “unprecedented” proportions, a health ministers of 11 African nations have concluded to a corner devise to try to branch a lethal advance.

As partial of a plan, a World Health Organization will set adult a “sub-regional control center” in Guinea — one of a 3 West African nations during a heart of a conflict — to assistance coordinate a response.

The devise was announced late Thursday during a finish of a two-day extent in Ghana that brought together ministers from a Democratic Republic of a Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Uganda with health experts, Ebola survivors and WHO representatives.


Map: Ebola spreads in West Africa Map: Ebola spreads in West Africa


Map: Ebola spreads in West AfricaMap: Ebola spreads in West Africa


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It also calls for improved notice and stating of cases, a mobilization of village and domestic leaders to urge recognition and understanding, and larger cross-border communication.

WHO has formerly warned that “drastic action” is indispensable to hindrance a widespread of a virus, that can kill adult to 90% of those infected.

Addressing a shutting session, Dr. Luis Gomes Sambo, WHO informal executive for Africa, welcomed a move.

“It’s time for petrify transformation to put an finish to a pang and deaths caused by Ebola pathogen illness and forestall a serve spread,” he said.

WHO reports there have been 759 cases, including 467 deaths, in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia as of Jun 30.

‘Enormous’ impact

The impact of a outbreak, that began in March, “has been huge in terms of detriment of tellurian lives and disastrous socioeconomic effects,” Sambo said.

The disease’s widespread “is in good extent compared with some informative practices and normal beliefs” that run opposite to surety health measures, he said.


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According to a WHO statement, such normal practices encourage “mistrust, confinement and resistance” in inner populations per health workers’ efforts.

These embody a stealing and diagnosis during home of Ebola victims and funerals during that mourners hold a physique of a deceased. “These are really high-risk practices heading to endless exposures to Ebola pathogen in a community,” a matter said.

Sambo added, “The endless transformation of people within and opposite borders has facilitated quick widespread of a infection opposite and within a 3 countries.”

He also paid reverence to those on a front lines of a quarrel opposite a lethal disease, observant health workers have been “disproportionately affected,” with some-more than 60 cases and 32 deaths reported among their ranks.

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Uganda takes steps

Uganda’s health authorities, who took partial in a extent in Ghana, announced new measures Friday to shade people nearing from Ebola-affected countries.

“All extent posts have been told to feature illness notice check points,” Ugandan Health Minister Ruhakana Rugunda said.

“Special concentration is on anyone with transport story of a past 3 months from a 3 West African countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.”

Although no transport anathema is in place, Ugandan residents have also been urged to extent low transport to those 3 countries.

Rugunda pronounced Uganda, that has knowledge in traffic with Ebola outbreaks, many recently in 2012, had been asked by WHO to yield technical assistance in a latest conflict to enclose a virus.

Internal, outmost hemorrhaging

Ebola is a aroused killer. The symptoms, during first, impersonate a flu: headache, fever, fatigue. What comes subsequent sounds like something out of a fear movie: poignant diarrhea and queasiness while a pathogen shuts off a blood’s ability to clot.

As a result, patients mostly humour inner and outmost hemorrhaging. Many die in an normal of 10 days.

People are roving though realizing they’re carrying a lethal virus. It can take between dual and 21 days after bearing for someone to feel sick.

The good news is that Ebola isn’t as simply widespread as one competence think. A studious isn’t foul — definition they can’t widespread a pathogen to other people — until he or she is display symptoms.

The illness is transmitted by approach strike with a blood and physique fluids of putrescent animals or people, according to WHO.

The scientist who detected a Ebola pathogen in a 1970s, Dr. Peter Piot, told CNN’s Christiane Amanpour this week that a conditions is “unprecedented.”

“One, (this is) a initial time in West Africa that we have such an outbreak,” he said. “Secondly, it is a initial time that 3 countries are involved. And thirdly, it’s a initial time that we have outbreaks in capitals, in collateral cities.”

Officials trust a far-reaching footprint of this conflict is partly given of a vicinity between a jungle where a pathogen was initial identified and cities such as Conakry, Guinea’s capital, that has a race of 2 million and an general airport.

Complicating matters, a countries strike hardest by a widespread have major medical infrastructure challenges.

There is no heal for Ebola, though in theory, a illness should be easy to quarrel given tighten strike is indispensable to turn infected, Piot said.

Simple sterilizing measures such as soaking with soap and water, not reusing syringes and avoiding strike with putrescent corpses are sufficient to stop widespread of a disease, Piot said.

“This is an widespread of dysfunctional health systems,” he added. “Fear of a virus, and a miss of trust in government, in a health system, is as bad as a tangible virus.”

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CNN’s Mick Krever, Danielle Dellorto, Miriam Falco and Jen Christensen contributed to this report. Journalist Samson Ntale in Kampala also contributed.



Article source: http://www.cnn.com/2014/07/04/health/ebola-outbreak-west-africa/

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