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Suu Kyi landslide poses plea with Myanmar’s minorities

YANGON A landslide feat by Aung San Suu Kyi in Myanmar’s ancestral choosing has lifted questions over either a Nobel laureate can overcome dread from leaders of racial minorities and solve long-simmering conflicts along a country’s borders.

Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) scored a overwhelming win in final Sunday’s poll, unconditional aside a statute Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) of former generals.

But also dejected in a subjection were dozens of parties representing racial minorities, who make adult reduction than half a country’s 51.5 million population, and who have a prolonged story of enmity and rebellion opposite a troops junta that ruled Myanmar for half a century.

The NLD landslide – that means it will form a supervision on a possess – has marred hopes by racial parties that they would be kingmakers in inhabitant politics, trade support for cupboard seats and a clever contend in efforts to tell a country’s rarely centralised government.

Instead, Suu Kyi’s celebration has found itself alone with elucidate racial grievances, potentially dimming hopes of solution an emanate that has prolonged destabilised a nation and led to 6 decades of conflict.

“Frankly, a NLD unconditional such a outrageous feat isn’t good for a country,” pronounced Sai Nyunt Lwin, a secretary ubiquitous of a Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD), a celebration representing Myanmar’s largest minority group.

“It will have a clever impact on everything, including a inhabitant ceasefire agreement,” he told Reuters, referring to a understanding sealed in Oct between a supervision and 8 racial mutinous groups.


Despite pity decades of common onslaught opposite a troops junta that ruled Myanmar until 2011, a attribute between a NLD and many racial leaders has prolonged been noted by mistrust.

Like a military, a NLD is dominated by a Bamar, an ethnic-majority race that lives in a country’s executive lowlands.

Suu Kyi defied calls by racial parties not to run possibilities in minority-dominated seats. The NLD’s warn feat in many of those areas left many parties but representation, or with usually a handful of seats in a inhabitant and internal assemblies.

The usually exceptions were a SNLD, in a country’s eastern Shan State, and a Arakan National Party (ANP), that is formed in a excitable western state of Rakhine.

“Since we are carrying a landslide majority, there is no proceed we would cruise a coalition” with racial parties, NLD orator Win Htein told Reuters.

The celebration may, however, select members of racial parties for cupboard positions, including a clamp presidency, Win Htein said. The celebration would also cruise appointing non-NLD arch ministers in Shan and Rakhine states.

To many racial leaders, a NLD’s proceed already seems high-handed.

“I’m doubtful about their ability to hoop this long-lived emanate but a active appearance of racial parties,” ANP authority Aye Maung told Reuters. If a NLD asserts control over informal governments in minority areas, “it will be usually like a conditions underneath a USDP government,” he said.


More severe still for a NLD will be reaching an finish to fighting that has killed thousands on a country’s periphery in new years.

Despite a Oct ceasefire, many of a country’s best-armed mutinous groups are still during fight with a government, and fighting led to voting being cancelled in some areas. The NLD refused to support a agreement, observant it released many armed groups.

The categorical problem for a NLD in negotiations will be demonstrating it can change a military, Richard Horsey, an eccentric Myanmar analyst, told Reuters. The troops still controls 25 percent of parliament, while 3 pivotal ministries – defence, home affairs, and limit affairs – are indifferent for portion officers.

“The doubt is what a attribute will be like between a NLD and a military, and how a attribute is viewed by a armed groups,” Horsey said.

Win Htein, of a NLD, pronounced a celebration would face most some-more difficulty with negotiations than a statute USDP, that is led by former troops men.

“We will have to try really hard. Very hard,” he said.

(Reporting by Aung Hla Tun and Aubrey Belford; Editing by Ian Geoghegan)

Article source: http://in.reuters.com/article/2015/11/13/myanmar-election-ethnic-minorities-idINKCN0T21QF20151113

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