Originally published: Apr 10, 2014 1:43 PM
Updated: Apr 10, 2014 1:53 PM
Hotels publicize “bleisure” packages. The Thai Tourism Authority is compelling “honeyteering.” And a Mississippi TV anchor told advocates of happy equivalence to “go on gaycation.”
Whatever you’re doing on vacation, chances are there’s a made-up word to report it. Combine honeymoon and volunteering, we get honeyteering. Combine business and leisure, we get bleisure. Add glorious to a camping outing with wine, beef and scented candles, and you’re glamping.
Lexicographers call these blended difference portmanteaus. The transport attention doesn’t have a corner on them — consider “brunch.”
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But they do “come in accessible in a business zone where there’s mostly a need to come adult with crafty selling spin,” pronounced Ben Zimmer, executive writer of Vocabulary.com and denunciation columnist for The Wall Street Journal. “It’s niche marketing. You’re perplexing to interest to opposite sectors of a public: ‘Well, we have a special kind of tourism for we and it has a special name.’”
Other examples: voluntourism, ecotourism and mancations — a latter, describing a guys’ getaway, popularized by Vince Vaughn in a 2006 film “The Break-Up.” And while a word honeymoon is centuries-old, one of a initial cited references to babymoons — a couple’s outing before a initial baby — was in a 2004 graduation for oppulance resorts.
Sometimes complicated selling can make these blends seem like “stunt words,” pronounced Katherine Connor Martin, conduct of U.S. Dictionaries for Oxford University Press, that publishes a Oxford English Dictionary. “They’re so lovable and self-conscious.”
Their overuse can even lead to a backlash, as with staycations, a tenure that mostly elicits an “UGH!” response — generally since many of us would rather go divided than stay home if we could means it. The word staycations was used before a recession, though it was usually when people cut behind on vacations during a mercantile slack that destinations started regulating a tenure to marketplace themselves to locals.
“It was perplexing to take a dour mercantile design and make it into something happy,” Zimmer said. “It had a insincere sound.”
The appendix “-cation” is also befitting to blends, generally if we come adult with a tenure that rhymes with vacations. And so, in further to staycations and gaycations, there are nakations during nudist colonies, hurrications if we leave city forward of a storm, and playcations, only for fun.
But how do portmanteaus go from being terms nobody can figure out during initial peek — like honeyteering or bleisure — to difference everybody loves to hate, like staycation?
“People silver many some-more difference than we finish adult adopting,” Martin said. “It’s tough to envision that will locate on and that won’t. It’s about saying people indeed regulating a word in an un-self-conscious way, awaiting people to know what they mean.”
A made-up word crosses over into acceptability — and maybe care for a compendium entrance — “when it’s used for a duration of time and in a accumulation of contexts in eccentric use, and not only a same repository perplexing to make it occur again and again,” Martin said.
Kory Stamper, associate editor for a Merriam-Webster compendium company, says lexicographers lane difference in several ways to demeanour for initial use, though it’s mostly “really formidable to establish who, exactly, coined a word.” She says Merriam-Webster traces staycation to a quote that seemed in an Alabama journal in 2005, while Zimmer traces it to an online examination from 1999.
Bleisure initial seemed in a Carlson Hotels press recover in 2007, Stamper said, while ecotourism dates to 1982. Hurrication seemed in 2005 after Katrina, and glamping showed adult in a United Kingdom in 2005. And while a Thai Tourism Authority released a “honeyteering” graduation in Mar of this year, Stamper traces a word’s initial use to 2006.
As some-more explanation that portmanteaus are mostly used in selling over travel, Zimmer cites “framily” from quirky Sprint commercials charity discounts on calls to friends and family. The father in a ad even “says framily is not a word,” Zimmer notes. “He says we can’t only put dual difference together and make a new word. It’s humorous since it’s really self-conscious.”